SAT Scoring

Understanding Digital SAT Scores and Benchmarks

Learn how scores in the SAT Suite of Assessments are structured, what they mean, and how to interpret benchmarks to help assess your students’ college and career readiness.

Step by Step

Digital SAT Score Structure

The SAT Suite of Assessments provides detailed information about student learning by reporting different types of scoring metrics. Each assessment reports a total score and two section scores.

Digital SAT Suite Benchmarks

The SAT Suite of Assessments College and Career Readiness Benchmarks can be used together to help students and educators assess student progress toward college readiness from year to year. Benchmarks help:

Identify students who are thriving and require greater challenges.

Identify students who require additional academic support.

Inform instructional and curricular enhancements throughout an institution.

SAT College and Career Readiness Benchmarks

Students are considered college and career ready when their SAT section scores meet both the Math and Reading and Writing benchmarks. It’s important to note that college readiness is a continuum—students scoring below the SAT benchmarks can still be successful in college, especially with additional preparation and perseverance.

Students with an SAT Math section score that meets or exceeds the benchmark have a 75% chance of earning at least a C in entry-level credit-bearing college courses in algebra, statistics, precalculus, or calculus.

Students with an SAT Reading and Writing section score that meets or exceeds the benchmark have a 75% chance of earning at least a C in entry-level credit-bearing college courses in history, literature, social sciences, or writing classes.

Grade-Level Benchmarks

Students who take the PSAT/NMSQT, PSAT 10, and PSAT 8/9 see grade-level benchmarks on their score reports. Grade-level benchmarks indicate whether students are on track for college and career readiness. They’re based on expected student growth toward SAT benchmarks at each grade.

Benchmark Values

SAT College and Career Readiness Benchmarks

Reading and Writing: 480

Math: 530

PSAT/NMSQT and PSAT 10

PSAT/NMSQT and PSAT 10 Section Score Ranges 160–760 Point Scale

11th Grade Benchmarks

Reading and Writing: 460

Math: 510

10th Grade Benchmarks

Reading and Writing: 430

Math: 480


PSAT 8/9

PSAT 8/9 Section Score Ranges 120–720 Point Scale

9th Grade Benchmarks

Reading and Writing: 410

Math: 450

8th Grade Benchmarks

Reading and Writing: 390

Math: 430

When and Where to Get Scores

You can view scores for the SAT, PSAT/NMSQT, PSAT 10, and PSAT 8/9 and find access codes for students who need them by signing into the K–12 score reporting portal and running a Roster Report. View the score release schedule to find out when student scores will be available.

Note: Scores from paper and pencil versions of the SAT Suite may still appear on some student score reports, including (where applicable) SAT Essay scores. Some students may have scores from SAT Subject Tests taken prior to June 2021, when they were discontinued.

Vertical Score Scale

The SAT Suite uses a common score scale, providing consistent feedback across assessments to help educators and students monitor growth across grades and to identify areas in need of improvement. This level of feedback can help both students and educators engage in the best possible practice for future assessments: strong classroom work and instruction.

Middle schools and high schools can also use this information to evaluate their curriculum. Higher education institutions can use the new scores to get deep insight into student readiness.

Digital SAT Suite Vertical Scale

Total Score and Section Scores

Each of the assessments in the SAT Suite reports a total score that is the sum of two section scores: Reading and Writing and Math.

Ranges for Total Scores

SAT: 400–1600

PSAT/NMSQT and PSAT 10: 320–1520

PSAT 8/9: 240–1440

Ranges for Section Scores (Reading and Writing, Math)

SAT: 200–800

PSAT/NMSQT and PSAT 10: 160–760

PSAT 8/9: 120–720

Scoring and Section Details for the Digital SAT Exam:

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